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Tehran

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran Details

What is Cholecystectomy?

The surgical procedure that removes the gall bladder is known as Cholecystectomy.

The gallbladder is responsible for storing bile (a substance produced by the liver that helps in breaking down fat for digestion).

This surgical procedure was earlier performed by making an incision at the right side of the upper abdomen, but now it is performed by using a laparoscope that involves only 3-4 small incisions.

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Types of Cholecystectomies

There are two ways for removing gallbladder that include the followings:

  • Laparoscopic Method: A laparoscopic Cholecystectomy procedure makes use of more than three laparoscopes, 2-3 small incisions and a small thin tube which is attached with a video camera.
    This video camera helps in visualizing the abdomen from within while operating.
    The removal of the gall bladder is done from any one of the incisions.
    This method is less invasive and involves shorter recovery time as compared to open Cholecystectomy.
  • Open Method: This method involves making a 2-3-inch incision at the upper hand side of the abdomen.
    The gallbladder is then located and removed from this incision.

Candidates for Cholecystectomy

Candidates for Cholecystectomy usually possess the following conditions:

  • Chronic acalculous gallbladder disease, also known as biliary dyskinesia, is the disease where gallbladder does not empty quickly and results in biliary colic
  • Severe gallstone attack
  • Pancreatitis which is the inflammation of the pancreas is secondary to gallstones
  • Endoscopic sphincterotomy for common bile duct stones
  • High risk for gallbladder cancer
  • A certain less severe gallstone attack
  • Cholecystitis (gallbladder inflammation)

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Gallstones

Calcium carbonate, cholesterol, and calcium bilirubin chemicals get unbalanced then it may form gallstones. Gallstones are categorized into two types, including:

  • Pigment Gallstones: When there is too much bilirubin, then these gallstones are formed. These gallstones are more commonly seen in those people who are suffering from liver disease, blood disorders, or infected bile tubes that include sickle-cell anemia.
  • Cholesterol Gallstones: When there are too much cholesterol forms in the bile, then it results in cholesterol gallstones.

Symptoms of Gallstones

It has been seen in many cases that people suffering from gallstones usually develop no symptoms.

The reason for this is that these gallstones stay inside the gallbladder without resulting in any problem.

Some of its symptoms include the followings:

  • Restlessness
  • Pain on the right side of the body that is just below the ribs
  • Vomiting
  • Back pain
  • Pain in the right shoulder
  • Sweating
  • Nausea

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Diagnosis for Gallstones

Usually, gallstones are discovered when a patient is being diagnosed for some other condition.

These gallstones are discovered after an ultrasound test, a blood test, an x-ray, a cholesterol test, or an ultrasound scan.

The signs of obstruction, jaundice, infection, or pancreatitis are determined by performing blood tests.

The different types of tests include the followings:

  • CT scan (Computerized tomography scan): This non-invasive test produces the cross-section pictures of within the body.
  • Cholangiography: This test involves the injection of a dye into the bloodstream for concentrating into the gallbladder or bile ducts.
    Another way is to insert the dye directly into the bile duct by using an endoscope.
    This dye presents itself on the x-rays.
  • Cholescintigraphy (HIDA scan): This test involves the injection of a harmless radioactive material in small quantity into a patient.
    The gallbladder then absorbs this material.
    This test helps in determining blockage of the bile duct or unusual contraction of the gallbladder.

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Treatment for Gallstones

Treatment of gallstones is only done when gallbladder has resulted in the blockage of the bile ducts, inflammation in the gallbladder or when the gallbladder has moved into the intestines.

Low-fat diet is recommended for the patients who are being treated.

Ursodeoxycholic acid

Ursodeoxycholic acid helps in dissolving cholesterol gallstones.

This treatment can be completely effective in 24 months. 

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Lithotripsy

The gallstones are ruptured with the help of ultrasonic shock waves.

If the gallstones are small, then they can easily pass from the stool of the patient.

This treatment is only done when there are fewer gallstones.

Cholecystectomy

The surgical procedure of Cholecystectomy is performed for removing the gallbladder.

This procedure is done with minimally invasive surgery, where a tiny incision is made.

A large incision is made in open Cholecystectomy in the abdomen of a patient.

If there is severe inflammation in the gallbladder, then open surgery is required.

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Robotic Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Procedure

This minimally invasive robotic procedure is performed for removing the gallbladder.

The 3-D high definition images are viewed by the surgeon who also moves robotic arms that relate to surgical instruments.

The system precisely imitates the movements of the wrist, hand, and fingers of the surgeon that provides real movements of surgical instruments within the patient.

This procedure only requires 3-4 small incisions, and a single incision is done at the belly button from where the diseased organ is removed.

This procedure is a recommended treatment for non-functioning gallbladder and gallbladder pain from gallstones.

Some of its benefits include the followings:

  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Minimal scarring
  • Quick recovery
  • Less bleeding
  • Less pain

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal) in Iran

Cost of Cholecystectomy

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Iran is performed at a very low cost. Iran is known for its latest medical facilities where well-trained surgeons perform all the surgeries.

Cholecystectomy (Gall Bladder Removal)

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