Slide Cirrhosis of Liver Treatment The scarring of the liver due to several types of liver conditions and diseases that include chronic alcohol abuse and hepatitis.
This condition is termed as Cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis of Liver in Iran
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Cirrhosis of Liver Treatment in Iran Details

What is Cirrhosis?

The scarring of the liver due to several types of liver conditions and diseases that include chronic alcohol abuse and hepatitis.

This condition is termed as Cirrhosis.

What is Liver Cirrhosis?

The second largest body organ is the liver that carries out important functions such as making vital nutrients, cleaning of the blood, and harmful detoxifying substances in the body.

The formation of the scar tissue blocks the blood flow through the organ and harms the liver structure.

Due to these reasons, there is slow processing of hormones, toxins, nutrients, drugs, proteins along with other substances that are created by the liver.

The functions of the liver include the followings:

  • It produces cholesterol and breaks down saturated fat.
  • It also helps in storing glucose in the form of glycogen.
  • It manufactures the substance bile that helps in digestion of the food.
  • It manufactures many blood proteins that help in immune system function, clotting, and oxygen transport.
  • It helps in getting rid of many harmful substances in the bloodstream that include alcohol and drugs.
  • It also stores excess nutrients and returns some of the nutrients to the bloodstream.

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran 2

Causes of Liver Cirrhosis

The most common causes of this condition include alcohol abuse, Hepatitis, and fatty liver.

However, any damage caused to the liver results in the condition of cirrhosis, including the followings:

  • Frequent and repeated attacks of heart failure with fluid backing up into the liver.
  • Fatty liver linked with diabetes and obesity.
  • Severe liver viral infections.
  • Blockage of the bile duct. 

It also includes the following inherited diseases:

  • Alpha 1 Antitrypsin deficiency (absence of a specific enzyme in the liver).
  • Hemochromatosis is the condition due to abnormal liver function.
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Wilson’s disease (abnormal storage of copper in the liver).
  • Glycogen storage diseases (when the body is unable to produce glycogen).

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Symptoms of Cirrhosis

  • Loss of appetite
  • Easy bruising when there is a decreased production of blood clotting factors by the diseased liver
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin) caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood
  • Itching
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue

Advanced symptoms include the followings:

  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Impaired sleep
  • Coma
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Dark urine
  • Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen or legs
  • Poor memory
  • Decreased muscle mass and weakness

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Diagnosis and Evaluation of Cirrhosis

Biopsy of the liver is the best test for diagnosing the condition of cirrhosis.

Liver biopsy is meant for those patients in whom the presence of the condition of cirrhosis is not clear.

The other tests include physical examination, history evaluation, and routine testing.

Some other tests may also be done for diagnosing the underlying disease, which is resulting in the condition of cirrhosis.

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Stages of Cirrhosis

Stage 1: During the initial stage of cirrhosis, a patient may face a few symptoms that include dry mouth, enlargement of the upper stomach area, jaundice, and fatigue.

The problem of itching can also be seen in some patients. Cirrhosis, in its initial stages, can be easily eliminated.

Stage 2: In the absence of appropriate medical care, there can be a progression of stage 2.

Now the abnormal tissues that were created in stage 1 are transformed into rigid bands of connective tissue.

Fibrosis is the procedure where there is a transformation of tissues.

Both fibrosis and the inflammation spread in the periportal and portal veins of the patient.

Stage 3: Now, in this stage, the rigid band of connective tissue merges. There is immense enlargement due to the process of merging.

This enlargement hampers the functions of the liver.
The liver is unable to digest fat contents, cannot store nutrients or support the blood streaming.

Heart problems and kidney problems are due to the condition of cirrhosis.

Stage 4: This is considered as the most dangerous stage of cirrhosis. The surgery of liver transplant can opt at this last stage.

The liver usually performs after liver transplant surgery.

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Treatment for Cirrhosis

Following are the treatments for the cirrhosis condition:

  • Liver transplantation
  • Preventing further damage to the liver
  • Detecting liver cancer early or preventing it
  • Treating the complications of cirrhosis

To control the symptoms of cirrhosis, certain medications can also be given.

By decreasing salt in the diet, ascites and edema can be treated.

Diuretics are the drug which can prevent edema from occurring again and removes excess fluid.

Changed mental function due to cirrhosis can be treated with the help of drug and diet therapies.

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Also referred to as malignant hepatoma, hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of liver cancer.

Following are the different conditions that can increase the chances of Hepatocellular Carcinoma:

  • Wilson’s disease
  • Hepatitis B
  • Alcoholism
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Aflatoxin consumption
  • Hepatitis C

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis

When the bile duct is not able to transfer the bile effectively as a result of secondary cause that leads to blockage, scarring, or inflammation is termed as Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis.

This condition could result from cystic fibrosis, a congenital defect of the bile ducts or gallstones.

Other causes include:

  • Idiopathic sclerosing cholangitis
  • Gallstones
  • Pericholangitis
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Congenital biliary atresia
  • Bile duct narrowing after gallbladder surgery

Cirrhosis Of Liver Treatment In Iran

Cost of Cirrhosis Treatment

Compared to the surgical costs in Europe and America, the cost of Cirrhosis treatment is substantially lower in Iran due to its excellent health care facilities.

Cost-effective treatment attracts many patients from across the world.

Cirrhosis of Liver Treatment

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