What is Laser Surgery?
Lasers (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) generate a coherent beam and emits one specific beam of wavelength.
The lasers are specifically directed towards the tissue of different types to produce a strong heat.
This strong heat works by destroying the tissues without disturbing the surrounding region.
The intensity and wavelength of lasers depend on different treatments.
Laser technology is extensively used in the areas of dermatology, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, cosmetic, podiatry, in specific cancer treatments, urology, and dentistry.
It is essential to know that lasers cannot revitalize the skin or cannot treat or lift loose neck skin.
These problems and conditions involve surgical methods only.
What is Cosmetic Laser Surgery?
Cosmetic treatments are now increasingly performed by using laser technology.
Cosmetic laser surgery is used for treating acne scars, treatment of vascular lesions, skin resurfacing for wrinkle reduction, precancerous lesions, tattoos, pigmented blemishes such as moles and age spots and also for hair removal.
Types of Cosmetic Lasers
Here are different types of lasers having a particular wavelength, penetration, and utility range.
Pulsed Dye Laser: Vascular Lesions are treated with the help of this laser, such as nevus femmes, hypertrophic scars, port wine stains, keloids, and hemangiomas.
Pigmented nevi can also be treated with the help of this laser.
Telangiectasia, blushing, and vein can be treated by using long-pulsed dye laser.
Ruby Laser: Ruby lasers are very effective in eliminating tattoos, freckles, periorbital pigmentation, nevi and café-au-lait spots, brown pigmented disorders like actinic lentigines and dilated blue veins.
Co2 Laser Surgery: This type of laser treats fine lines, actinic cheilitis, acne scars, sun damage, chickenpox scars, wrinkles, and rhinophyma.
Diode Laser: This type of laser is ideal for treating dark skin and for leg veins. In both these treatments, long-pulsed diode laser is used.
Erbium YAG Laser or ND-YAG Laser: This laser is used to treat acne scars (resurfacing), blue tattoo removal, wrinkles, dermal pigmented lesions, professional tattoos, and precancerous lesions.
Argon Laser: The laser is used for treating skin diseases like acne rosacea, delicate veins, spider nevi, Hemangiomas, and A-V malformations.
Alexandrite Laser: With the help of rapid pulsed (alexandrite laser), benign pigmented lesions and tattoos can be removed. Hair can be removed by using long-pulsed (alexandrite laser).
Cosmetic Laser Treatments
Facial Laser Hair Removal: This cosmetic laser procedure focuses on hair roots and melanin by properly adjusting the power and spectrum of the laser.
The laser heats the tissue, which has resulted in hair growth. With intense heat, the laser breaks down the cells of the tissues.
The aim is to focus on follicles only.
The whole procedure takes approximately 20 minutes to complete.
This treatment is effective for many years.
Laser Surgery for Acne: The target of the blue spectrum light is to hit the acne-prone area.
This light goes through the outer dermal tissue into the tissues affected by bacteria.
The procedure takes very less time of about thirty minutes for treating the full face.
This procedure has no side-effects.
Laser Skin Resurfacing: This procedure involves many sessions to plan out the surgery better.
The purpose of this surgery is to stimulate the growth of natural collagen and also eliminates dermal tissue outer layers to get softer and vibrant skin.
This treatment is effective for about 5-6 months.
The facial problems that can be treated are-
- Improves Complexion
- Treats acne and chickenpox scars
- Treats tanned and aged skin
- Treats wrinkles surrounding the eyes, mouth, and forehead
- Treats birthmarks
- Treats large oil glands on the nose
- Treats warts
Age Spot Removal: This surgery aims to reduce the brown spots on the skin due to over sun exposure and aging.
When the laser penetrates in the skin, the pigmentation tissue breaks and results in removal of brown spots.
For best results, it requires two to three sessions.
Rosacea – The tiny red blood vessels grow and break, causing spots in the nose and the cheeks area.
These are commonly known as adult acne.
The spots can be treated and can be rectified by the laser ray.
Spider Veins – The spider veins can be found during pregnancy or in the bodies of the overweight person.
Theses veins can be removed by the laser therapy, and that results in the permanent cure of the problem.
Gum Recontouring – This is cosmetic dentistry to recontour your gum so that you will have an attractive smile which will enrich your personality
Red-nose syndrome – The regular enlarging, misshaping, and reddening of the nose can be treated for by the cosmetic laser rays.
Laser Surgery Wrinkles – By the laser rays, the wrinkles can be removed.
You can achieve a plain and tight skin which will make you look young and fresh.
Eyelid surgery – The irregular lid drooping, overhanging upper lids can be treated by the rays.
You can have proper eyes and the eyelids, which will not only give you an obstacle less view but confidence.
Laser Scar Removal: This surgery requires a careful and thorough study of the patient’s keloid, hypertrophic (acne scars), skin type, and scar type.
All these factors affect the intensity and wavelength required to be used in the skin.
In a technical sense, the intensity of the light on the deep tissue penetrates the growth of natural collagen production, which was earlier disrupted.
As a result of which the skin gets thick, and the scar area looks like the tissues.
Stretch Mark Laser Removal: This one of the most common problems which affect both men and women.
The stretch marks can be due to the growth spurts, irregular weight, or may have developed after pregnancy.
With the emergence of new techniques and therapies, a drastic change can be achieved in treating both old and new stretch marks.
It is also possible to diminish the stretch marks completely.
Vascular Birthmarks: With the help of this laser treatment, the Telangiectasias (blood vessel) can be destroyed without disturbing the nearby tissues.
The causes of vascular birthmarks can occur due to hormones process, sun exposure, rosacea, the aging process, and medications.
Laser Tattoo Removal: The laser treatment can completely and effectively remove tattoos and also permanent makeup.
The various wavelengths of the laser target every colored ink of the tattoo.
These tattoos absorb the energy of the lasers and separate into little fragments which can be easily cleaned.
Red and orange inks are very difficult to remove in comparison to black ink which can be easily removed.
Laser Eye Surgery: Excimer Laser Surgery (laser eye surgery) can treat problems related to a vision like astigmatism, long and short-sightedness.
Laser eye surgery is very effective surgery which can permanently correct the vision, and the patient is not required to wear contact lenses or glasses.
Benefits of Laser Cosmetic Surgery
- Reduces the after surgery discomfort
- Reduces wrinkles
- Also decreases the changes of specific cancers
- Does not involve immense blood loss
- Removes blemishes and birthmarks
- Results in better healing of the wound
Cosmetic Laser Surgery Recovery
The patient can recover in a few days.
The patient is also advised to follow certain precautions.
To avoid pigmentation, exposure to the sun should be completely avoided.
Usage of cosmetic products should also be avoided.
After some days, the patient can get back to its daily routine life.
Cost of Cosmetic Laser Surgery
Iran’s medical tourism is famous for its affordable cosmetic laser treatments.
All the cosmetic clinics in Iran use the latest technologies and provides the best services to its patients.
Many international patients visit Iran for getting their cosmetic laser surgeries.