What is Neurology?
Neurology is primarily concerned with disorders of the nervous system and brain.
The neurological disorders include diseases involving autonomic, central, and peripheral nervous systems.
It may also include muscles, blood vessels, and nerves.
Neurological diseases include diseases of peripheral muscles and nerves, neuromuscular junctions, and spinal cord.
A neurologist is a physician who practices neurology.
The disorders of the spinal cord, nerves, and the brain are treated by a neurologist that include the followings:
- Parkinson’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Sleep disorders
- Spinal cord and brain injuries
- Multiple sclerosis
- Peripheral nerve disorders
Pediatric Neurology is concerned explicitly with neurological problems with those children who are under 18 years of age.
It has been seen that many children are suffering from neurological diseases and epilepsy.
The primary concern of a pediatric neurologist is to treat disorders of peripheral, central, and autonomous nervous systems.
Their primary role is to confront the unique symptoms of epilepsy in children.
Neurological Disorders in Children
- Autistic disorders
- Congenital anomalies of the brain and Hydrocephalus
- Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Attention Deficit (ADD)
- Brain and spinal cord tumors
- Seizure disorders
- Concussion and head trauma
- Balance and equilibrium
- Metabolic-degenerative diseases of the brain
- Neuromuscular disorders
- Cerebral palsy
- Tourette syndrome, tic disorders, and movement disorders
Neurological Diagnostic Tests
A patient must go through several tests that include x-rays of the patient’s skull and chest, neurological exam, patient history, and physical exam.
These tests are done to determine specific neurological injury or disorder.
Nuclear medicine imaging is also involved where little amounts of radioactive materials are used for examining organ structure and function.
Whereas diagnostic imaging involves the use of electrical charges and magnets for examining human anatomy.
Some of the common tests include the followings:
- Computed tomography
- Intrathecal contrast-enhanced CT scan
- Cerebro fluid analysis
- Brain scans
- Electronystagmography (ENG)
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Ultrasound imaging
- Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
Cost of Neurology
The cost of neurology and pediatric neurology treatment in Iran is substantially lower as compared to other developed countries.